• 周六. 5 月 18th, 2024

50个暗示皇帝的成语和典故

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11 月 12, 2023

中国历史上的帝王不仅是政治历史的创造者,也是中国文化的创造者。 成语是中华文化的一大特色。 它们有固定的结构形式和固定的表达方式,表达一定的含义,在句子中作为一个整体使用。 很大一部分成语是从古代传承下来的,它们在词语上往往与现代汉语有所不同,它们代表的是一个故事或一个典故。 许多成语都与皇帝有直接关系,或者是某个皇帝创造的。 在这篇长文中,我收集了50个有趣的成语及其典故,涉及从夏桀到宋太宗赵光义的25位皇帝,并向您介绍。 这个时间跨度恰逢汉语成语的产生、形成和稳定。 宋代以后,汉语基本上就没有新的成语了。 我的收藏肯定还有很多遗漏的地方,还请博主补充,日后修改完善。

1.夏杰

1【叛逆不羁】桀:历史上著名的暴君,夏朝最后一位掌权者。 敖:马不驯。 驯服:驯服。 比喻狂妄、狂暴、不驯的性情。

汉朝成语_汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个/

叛逆的

出处:东汉班固《汉书·匈奴赞》:他如此桀骜不驯,竟肯以爱子为质?

2. 感汤

2 【打开一侧网】将捕鸟网的三侧拆开,只留下一侧。 比喻采取宽大的态度,给人以退路。

资料来源:司马迁《史记·尹本纪》:“汤出时,见野网四面,愿曰:‘四海八方,皆入我网。’ 唐说:“嘿,一切都结束了!” 然后往三边去。朱曰:‘欲左则左,欲右则右,若不死,入我网。’”

典故:有一天,汤在田野里散步,看见一个人张开网,就低声说:“来吧,鸟儿们,快来飞进我的网里吧。无论飞高飞低,飞向东飞向西,来吧,所有的鸟儿都来了。”鸟儿飞进我的网里了!” 唐走到那人面前说道:“你的手段太残忍了,鸟都被你抓走了!” 正如他所说,汤剪断了三边网。 然后小声说道:“哎呀,鸟儿们,如果你喜欢向左飞,就飞向左;如果你喜欢向右飞,就向右飞;如果你实在厌倦了生活,就飞到这家网吧吧。” ”。 这就是成语“三面张开”的由来。 后来人们改为“开网一侧”。

3【顺天迎人】迎:适应,适合。 顺应命运,顺应人心。 常用来歌颂新王朝的建立。

出处:《周易·歌》:“天地运转,四时而成。唐武之运转,随天而应于人。运转之事,大也。” 这里的“汤”指的是商汤,诞生于商汤。 鸣条之战,灭夏桀,灭夏,建立商朝; 吴指的是“周武王”,公元前1046年打败商纣,灭商。 历史上相传吴王灭殷,建立周朝; 这场革命的历史被称为“唐五革命”。

3、商纣王

4【破坏自然物】违反:破坏、浪费; 消灭:消灭; 自然物:指自然生物。 指对各种生物的肆意杀戮,以及对事物的粗心大意和肆意挥霍。 拼音:bào tiǎn tiān wù [错误]死亡不能读成zhēn。

出处:《尚书·武城》:今商王不义,挥霍资源,祸害百姓。

4、周武王

5【爱房子和乌鸦】因为我爱房子,所以我也爱屋顶上的乌鸦。 比喻爱一个人,关心与他或她有关的人或事。 它表明一个人对另一个人(或事物)的热爱达到了盲目热情的程度。 并且,到达。 乌鸦,乌鸦。

资料来源:韩. 刘向《说源归法》:“吾闻爱其民者,亦爱屋上鸦;

典故:周武王打败了殷商,却不知如何处理商朝遗留下来的权臣、贵族、官员和士兵。 他召见姜太公问道:“我们该如何对待他们的人民呢?” 太公回答说:“我听说,如果你喜欢那个人,你也会爱他家里的乌鸦;如果你讨厌那个人,你也会把他带走。仆人和户官。杀光一切敌对分子,不留一个人。”后面的,你觉得怎么样?”

5. 周南王 [nǎn]

6【负债高】形容负债很多。

出处:《汉书·诸侯王表序》颜师古注:“周南王有责,不能归。夫子急需责备,故逃至此。后世以他为名。” ”。 责任就在现在。 债务。

典故:战国后期,周南王听从楚孝烈王的建议,以天子的名义召集六国出兵伐秦。 他请求西周公召集六千士兵。 由于没有军费,他只好向富商、地主借钱,但六国不听他的,借的钱很快就花光了。 债主纷纷前来讨债,他只得躲在皇宫的高台上。

6.秦始皇

7【焚书坑儒】焚:烧;烧; 坑:把人活埋; 儒家:指学者。 焚经杀儒。 这是对文化和文化人的毁灭的隐喻。

汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语/

焚书坑孔子

出处:《史记·卷121 儒生列传》

典故:据《史记》记载,公元前213年,即秦统一八年,齐人淳于越大夫在朝会上提出恢复周朝的封建制度。 秦国丞相李斯反对。 他认为时代变了,制度也应该随之改变。 这些变化不应使过去与现在有所不同。 李斯建议:“史书只留秦国的史书,其他国家的史书都应该烧掉;《诗经》、《尚书》以及各家的书都应该烧掉。”思想只能由医生保存,民间的应该限期交出烧掉;医药、卜筮、农书可以由民间保存;想要学习法律的人应该以官员为师。” 秦始皇同意了。 史称“焚书”。

次年,即公元前212年,为秦始皇寻找长生不老药的巫师侯生、卢生落荒而逃。 秦始皇大怒,下令严刑拷打咸阳。 随后,460名相关人员在咸阳坑被杀。 据《史记·秦始皇本纪》记载,秦始皇所杀之人“皆念孔子之法”。

7、汉高祖刘邦

8【韩信的武将,越多越好】描述越多越好。 受益匪浅,更多。 好好。

资料来源:司马迁《史记·淮阴侯列传》。

典故:刘邦问韩信:“像我这样的人,能带多少兵呢?” ”韩信说:“陛下只能率领十万人。 ”刘邦说:“那你呢? 韩信回答说:“像我一样,你的兵越多,你能带的兵就越多。” ”刘邦笑道:“你能指挥的士兵越多越好。 那我为什么抓你呢?”韩信说:“陛下不善于带兵,却善于指挥将军。”

9【秋无狠】秋毛:秋季鸟兽的新绒,比喻很小的事物; 犯:侵犯。 就是说军纪严明,根本不侵犯人民利益。

出处:《史记·项羽本纪》:“入关时,在丘不敢近其,为文官,封库,待将。”

典故:楚汉相争时,韩信因得不到项羽的青睐而投奔刘邦。 在丞相萧何的推荐下,刘邦拜他为大将军。 刘邦问韩信有何建议。 韩信将刘邦与项羽相比较,说刘邦的军队与项羽的军队不同,不损害百姓利益,可以征服天下。

10【鸿门宴】指公元前206年在鸿门(今西安市临潼区新丰镇鸿门堡村)举行的一场宴会。 参加者包括当时的两位反秦领导人项羽和刘邦。 这次宴会被认为间接促成了项羽的失败和刘邦成功建立汉朝。 后人常用“鸿门宴”一词来形容居心不良的宴会。 (注:以下与高祖有关的成语均源于此)

汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语_汉朝成语有哪些/

鸿门宴

出处:司马迁《史记·项羽》。

11【项庄舞剑,瞄准沛公】项庄在宴会上舞剑,欲刺杀汉王刘邦。 虽然隐喻言语和行为的目的表面上很简单,但其真正意图是威胁或攻击某人或某物。

出处:《史记·项羽本纪》:“今项庄拔剑舞,意常在沛公。”

典故:项羽在漳水之战中大败秦军,然后直奔咸阳,却被刘邦守军所阻。 项羽的叔叔项伯邀请刘邦到鸿门赴宴。 项羽设宴款待刘邦,谋士范增建议项羽趁机杀掉刘邦。 他给项羽的表弟项庄打电话,让他​​趁敬酒舞剑之机杀掉沛公(刘邦)。 项伯见项庄来客不怀好意,拔剑与项庄共舞,使项庄再也没有机会。 (@高会民) 樊哙持剑盾闯入帐中守护刘邦,使刘邦得以转危为安,逃出虎口。

12【勤奋有大功德】努力工作就会有大功德。

出处:司马迁《史记·项羽本纪》:“劳苦功高,侯爵无赏,听其细则欲杀有功者。”功德无量,这将继续灭亡秦朝。”

典故:鸿门宴上,项庄舞剑招待刘邦,并想趁机杀死刘邦。 樊哙赶紧拔刀上前,对项羽说道:“裴公正在等待大王到来,他还没有被封号,这样一个勤劳有功的人,你却想杀掉他吗? ”

13【人是道祖,我是鱼肉】道祖:刀案板,屠宰工具。 比喻生死的权力掌握在别人手中,而你处于被宰杀的境地。

出处:《史记·项羽本纪》:“今人只是剑客,我是鱼肉。”

典故:鸿门宴上,范增请项庄舞剑招待,意图杀死刘邦。 张良给樊哙打电话,刘邦趁机去厕所与樊哙商量如何逃走。 樊哙道:“如今人如刀剑,我如鱼肉,何必如此?”

14【大兴不计较细致,不惜大礼小让】大兴:做大事,成就大事。 顾:顾念,考虑一下。 细致:细节,很少谨慎。 词:拒绝。 不屈不挠:不逃避,不逃避。 吉恩:责备。 做大事不拘小节,有大礼仪,不回避小批评。

出处:《史记·项羽本纪》:“大事不计小节,大礼不惜小让。”

典故:裴公从鸿门宴出来后,对樊哙说:“我既出来了,来不及辞别,该怎么办呢?” 樊哙说:“做大事,不用讲小礼;说大事,不用讲小责。现在的人就像……刀子一样。”砧板,我们就像鱼和肉,为什么要说再见呢?” 于是一行人就离开了,留下张良留下来向项王谢罪。

15【合同第三章】泛指订立简单的合规条款。

出处:《史记·高祖本纪》:“高祖初入关,立三章之约;杀人则死,伤人盗盗则死”。不会受到惩罚。” 《汉书·刑法志》:“高祖初入关时,立约三章。”

典故:公元前206年,刘邦率军攻打关中,秦太子襁褓中诞生。 刘邦向百姓郑重宣布:“秦朝的严刑律令,使人人受苦,都应该废除。现在我同意你们的看法,无论是谁,都必须遵守三律。这三律法律是:杀人者,伤害他人者必须受到惩罚,偷盗者必须受到惩罚!” 众长老英雄们纷纷表示支持三章圣约。

16【摊牌】比喻输赢。 决定胜负,互相竞争。

出处:《史记·项羽文选》:“吾愿挑战汉王,以男女之战。”

17【分享我的杯子】杯:杯子。 汤:肉汁。 给我一杯肉汤,比喻分享别人的利润。

出处:《史记.项羽本纪》:“吾如老人,必欲煮之,故有幸分一杯羹。”

典故:楚汉相争时,项羽俘虏了刘邦的父亲,并扬言如果刘邦不投降,就杀掉他的父亲,炖成肉汤。 刘邦听说后,说我们结拜兄弟,我的父亲也是你的父亲。 如果你杀了它,请给我一份馅饼。 (@高会民) 项羽听从了项伯的建议,没有杀人。

18【筑坛祭将】指依靠人才。

出处:《汉书·高帝本纪》:“汉王设坛城,拜辛(韩信)为将,问策。”

19【成也萧何,败也萧何】萧何,汉高祖刘邦的丞相。 成功有萧何的功劳,失败也有萧何的功劳。 比喻事情的成败都是由这个人造成的。

资料来源:司马迁《史记·淮阴侯列传》。

典故:这是民间对西汉开国英雄韩信一生的经典概括。 萧何是汉高祖刘邦的宰相。 “成也萧何”是指韩信成为将军是萧何推荐的; “败也萧何”,就是说韩信因萧何的谋略而被杀。 成功和失败都是同一个人造成的。

20【明修栈道,暗渡陈仓】陈仓,古县名,位于陕西省宝鸡市东部(陈仓区)。 意思是刘邦从汉中出兵攻打项羽时,故意修筑栈道迷惑对手,暗中绕道攻打陈仓,取得了胜利。 比喻以虚假的外表迷惑对方,以达到某种目的。 军事意义是:从正面迷惑敌人,用来掩饰自己的攻击路线,从侧翼进行突然袭击。 这是东打西击、出奇制胜的战略。

出处:《史记·高祖本纪》。

21【犬牙交错】错、杂、交叉。 比喻边界线像狗的牙齿一样曲折凹凸。 也比喻形势复杂,双方因素较多。

出处:班固《汉书·中山靖王列传》:“诸侯王,骨肉近亲,故先帝广围城,相交者,谓之。”盘石派。”

典故:高祖赐封同一家族,汉景帝时期却爆发了武王领导的七国之乱。 武帝时实行“减疆”政策,引起诸侯们的恐慌:“吾等与皇室血脉相连,先帝将封地排列如犬牙,是为了让吾们能够共同保卫汉朝。” 于是,汉武帝颁布了一道圣旨。 推令将诸侯国的领土分给其子孙,削弱了诸侯国的力量。

22【惨败】形容彻底失败,无法收拾局面。

出处:《史记·高祖本纪》:“天下扰乱,诸侯齐起,时势不善,必败矣。”

典故:秦末,沛县县令见局势不稳,派人召见刘邦,但县令怕刘邦回来罢官。 刘邦写了一封信,射入城内,号召百姓响应起义。 城里的人杀了县令,请他当县令。 刘邦推辞道:“现在天下大乱,当县令的人选不当,一旦失败,他的肝脑将被抹在地上,请推荐其他更合适的人选。” ”。 刘邦虽然多次让位,但最终还是担任了县令,并被尊为“沛公”。

23【高阳饮酒者】高阳:古乡名,位于河南省杞县西南部。 秦末,郦食其(yì jī)是该村人,向刘邦自称“高阳醉汉”。 用来指酗酒、放荡不羁的人。

出处:《史记·郦食其列传》,沛公(刘邦)带兵至陈留,高阳儒生郦食其求见。 使者入同,裴公曰:“替我谢恩,说我们以天下为事,无暇见儒。” 使者出禀告之。 李胜持剑怒视使者,道:“走吧!回燕沛公吧,我是高阳醉汉,又不是儒生。” 然后他伸出了手。 最后再次使用。

8、汉武帝刘彻

24【金屋藏娇】《汉武帝故事》讲述汉武帝年轻时曾说过,如果能娶表弟陈阿娇为妻,就建一座金屋让她居住。后泛指纳妾。

出处:奇特小说《汉武故事》,大致成书于东汉末年。

典故:《汉武帝传》讲述了一个青梅竹马的美丽童话:馆陶公主抱着小柳枝问道:“哲儿长大后要娶妻吗?” 小柳枝道:“是啊。” 大公主随即指着周围一百多个宫女问刘彻想要哪一个,小刘直却说不。 最后,大公主指着女儿陈阿娇问道:“阿娇呢?” 小柳蛇笑道:“好啊!如果我能娶阿娇为妻,我就盖一座金屋给她住。” ”。 大公主很高兴,便多次询问景帝,最终定下了这门亲事。

9、汉中宗刘询

25【古剑恋情深】比喻对已婚妻子不离不弃; 夫妻感情深厚;

出处:《汉书·妻传》:“群臣议立皇后,皆喜霍将军之女,而无言。帝令徐渭用旧剑,但大臣们知道了,白立徐阶屯为皇后。”

典故:许平君嫁给刘询。 刘询称帝后,许平君入宫为节育。 当时,几乎所有人都在霍光家族的威逼利诱下,要求霍成君做皇后。 刘询没有忘记与他同甘共苦的许平君。 他下旨“寻旧剑”:穷时,有一把旧剑。 ,现在我非常想念它,各位有情人可以帮我找回来吗? 臣子们很快就明白了这道圣旨的真正含义:穷困时用过的一把旧剑他们都不会忘记,自然也不会抛弃自己心爱的女人。 于是大家一起上奏请许平君做皇后。

10、汉哀帝刘歆

26【断袖癖】指纵容男人、同性恋。

出处:《汉书·董贤传》:“吾常卧而上身而起,日间睡觉时,倚上袖,欲起时,贤不我知道了,又不想动娴,就断袖起身。”

汉朝成语_汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语有哪些/

剪袖图片

典故:汉哀帝常与心爱的男宠董贤同寝而坐。 有一次,白天睡觉时,董贤的头靠在哀帝的衣袖上。 哀帝想要起身,董贤却没有察觉。 哀帝不想打扰董贤,起身前一剑砍断了他的衣袖。 董贤醒来,看到哀帝断袖压在身下,感受到哀帝的深情。 从此,他愈加迷人,从未离开过皇帝的身边。

十一、汉光武帝刘秀

27【迷失在东角,收获在桑树上】东宇:太阳从东方升起的地方,指早晨。 桑:夕阳西下。 日落时太阳的余辉照射在桑树顶上,指的是傍晚。 比喻此时失败,彼时补偿。

资料来源:《后汉书·冯异传》:(光武帝)西叔老乙曰:“赤眉平,士卒奋,虽垂翅归溪,他们能够飞到赤赤,可谓是东隅已失,桑树丰收了。 。

28【安之飞谱】你怎么知道这个皇帝不是我? 仆(pú),古代对男子的尊称。 这是比喻人们说自己的未来是无限的。

资料来源:《太平御览》卷391引自《东莞汉记》。

典故:光武帝还是普通百姓的时候,就和妹夫邓谌一起到别人家做客。 当时,大家都看到了预言:“刘秀将成为皇帝。” 附近有人说:预言中提到的刘秀一定是太师刘秀(当时新朝太师刘歆刚刚改名刘秀)。 但当时在场的刘秀(后来的光武帝)却说道:“你怎么知道这个预言中提到的皇帝刘秀不是指我呢?”,引得大家哄堂大笑! 刘秀即位第三年,与邓谌谈往事。 邓谌对光武帝说:“我确实做到了。” 皇帝听后哈哈大笑!

12、曹操,魏武帝

29【看李子解渴】人们一听说可以吃李子,就流口水,解渴。 意思是如果愿望无法实现,可以用幻想来安慰。

出处:南宋刘义清《世说新语·解诀》。

汉朝成语_汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个/

看梅花解渴

典故:曹操率军出征,找不到有水的地方。 士兵们非常口渴。 于是曹操就让手下传话给将士们:“前面有一大片梅林,梅子酸甜可口,可以用来解渴。” 听到这话,士兵们都流口水了。 这样,他们就到达了前面有水的地方。

30【头发代头】剪掉头发而不是斩首。 古人讲究身体、头发、皮肤不应该受到父母的伤害,而剪发可以视为严重的不孝之罪,所以曹操在军队面前剪掉了头发,以代替头颅。明军。 现在已经演变成了对中国惩治贪官的嘲讽。

资料来源:《三国志》裴松之引《曹孟传》云:“常出兵,过麦,令曰:‘兵不失麦,犯者死。 ”诸侠皆下马,付麦相抱。于是太祖马跳入麦中,命主议罪;太祖曰:“若犯法,自己也犯,何必呢?你应该指挥吗? 但是,作为一个军事统帅,你绝对不能自杀。 请惩罚你自己吧。”因有剑之助,他将自己的头发剪断,放在地上。

31【衡槊赋诗】槊:类似矛;类似枪。 赋:尹。 横持矛,赋诗赋。 指能文能武的英雄气概。

汉朝成语_汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个/

横滨诗

出处:宋苏轼《前赤壁赋》:“酒临江边,诗横写,终生英雄。”

十三、蜀汉刘备

32【求田问屋】她:房屋。 多方买田,到处打听房价。 指只懂得购买财产、谋取私利的人。 比喻没有远大的志向。

出处:《三国·魏书·陈登列传》:备:“汝有国士之名,今日大乱,帝位失位,望君忧国忧国。”忘家了,有拯救世界之心,但要地要房,却无话可说。 可以采摘,这是元龙所忌讳的,我何必跟本王说呢?”

33【大腿复活】大腿:大腿。 因为好久没骑了,大腿上的肉又长出来了。 (@高会民)形容长期安逸安逸的生活,无所事事。 后来,他感叹浪费了时间,并想有所作为。

出处:《三国志》卷三十二《蜀书·先主传》南宋裴松之引《九州春秋》云:“北居荆州数年,坐起时在厕所里,我看到大腿上有肉,激动得热泪盈眶。他仍然坐着,神色奇怪地问贝:“我从来没有离开过马鞍,大腿上的肉已经消失了。” 现在我不再骑车了,大腿上的肉也长起来了。 若日月驰骋,吾已老,而功业未成,故耳悲。”

34【勿以恶小而为之,勿以善小事为之】勿因小善小而不为,勿因小善小而不为。

出处:《三国志·蜀传》。

典故:这是刘备临终前给儿子刘禅的最后一道圣旨中的话。 原句是:“勿以恶小而为之,勿以善小事为之,唯贤有德,与人为善”。 目的是为了鼓励别人。 他要学习道德,有所作为,不再偷懒。 小善积为天下大善,小恶积为“足以祸国”。

14、刘禅,蜀汉后来的领导人

35【幸福不思蜀】我很幸福,不思蜀。 比喻到了新的环境玩得很开心,不再想回到原来的环境。

出处:《三国·蜀书·后夫传》裴松之注引《汉晋春秋》:“问禅:‘甚思蜀乎?’ 禅说:‘我在这里很快乐,但我不思念蜀。’”

汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语_汉朝成语有哪些/

典故:公元263年,刘禅投降曹魏,被封为安乐公。 他和一些大臣被迁往洛阳居住。 一日,司马昭设宴款待刘禅,命他奏蜀乐,歌舞招待。 蜀汉旧臣一想到国家亡国之痛,无不低头流泪。 只有刘禅心情舒畅。 司马昭问刘禅:“安乐先生想念蜀吗?” 刘禅回答说:“我在这里很快乐,但我不思念蜀国。”

15、司马炎,晋武帝

36【羊车王令】表示希望受到别人的重视或青睐。

出处:《晋书·后妃传·胡贵妃》。

典故:晋朝开国皇帝司马炎,有妃子近万。 所以,每天晚上他要拜访哪个妃子,就成了他头疼的问题。 于是他想出了一个办法,那就是骑着羊车,让羊在宫殿里自由行走。 羊车停在哪里,他就偏爱妃子。 一位聪明的宫人在门上插上竹枝,并在地上洒了盐水。 羊喜欢咸水的味道,不吃东西了,羊车就停在了她的宫殿门口。

16.晋惠帝司马衷

37【为什么不吃肉末】是指对事物没有全面的认识,也指没有亲身经历过的人对别人的情况或行为提出无理的评论或建议。

资料来源:《晋书·会帝记》:皇帝在华林园中听到虾蛤的声音,对左右人说:“发出这种声音的人是官方的还是私人的?” Or he said to him: “I am an official in the official land. It is private in private land.” When the world was in chaos and the people were starving to death, the emperor said: “Why not eat minced meat?” His deception was all of this kind.

17. Sima Shao, Emperor Ming of Jin Dynasty

38 [The sun is near, Chang’an is far away] It is a metaphor for longing for the imperial capital but not being able to get there. It often means failure in fame and career, and the failure to realize hopes and ideals.

Source: “Shi Shuo Xin Yu·Su Hui” by Liu Yiqing of the Southern Song Dynasty

Allusion: When Emperor Jin and Ming were young, he sat on Emperor Yuan’s knees. Someone came from Chang’an, and Emperor Yuan asked Emperor Ming: “How far do you think Chang’an is from the sun?” Emperor Ming replied: “The sun is far away. I haven’t heard of anyone coming from the sun.” Emperor Yuan was surprised. The next day, Emperor Yuan called his ministers to hold a banquet and asked him again, but he replied: “The sun is near.” Emperor Yuan was surprised: “Why are you different from what you said yesterday?” Emperor Ming replied: “You can only see when you look up. The sun cannot see Chang’an.”

18. Former Qin Shizu Emperor Fu Jian

39 [Throwing whips to cut off the flow] Throwing all the whips into the river will cut off the flow of water. It means that there are many people and horses, and the force is strong.

Source: Book of Jin, Volume 14 (Records of Fu Jian)

Allusion: After Fu Jian came to the throne, he wanted to destroy the Eastern Jin Dynasty. He was advised by the ministers of the DPRK, pointing out that the Eastern Jin Dynasty was difficult to capture because of the natural dangers of the Yangtze River. However, the proud Fu Jian responded: “I have an army of millions. As long as I give the order, all the soldiers will be defeated.” Throwing their whips into the Yangtze River is enough to cut off the flow of the Yangtze River. What else is there to be afraid of because of the natural dangers of the Yangtze River?”

40【Every grass and trees are soldiers】Treat all the grass and trees on the mountain as enemy soldiers. Describes people being suspicious when they are panicked.

Source: “Book of Jin·Fu Jian·Ziji”.

Allusion: During the Battle of Feishui, Fu Jian and Fu Deng saw the Jin army’s orderly ranks and high morale on the Shouchun City. Looking north at Bagong Mountain, they saw that every plant and tree on the mountain looked like Jin soldiers. Fu Jian turned around and said to Fu Deng: “What a powerful enemy this is! How can you say that the Jin army is insufficient in strength?” He regretted that he had underestimated the enemy.

41 [Wind and Crane Chirping] Chirping: The sound of cranes chirping. He mistook the sound of the wind and the cry of the crane as the enemy’s cry, and suspected that the pursuers were coming. Describes panic, or disturbing oneself.

Source: “Book of Jin·Biography of Xie Xuan”.

Allusion: After the defeat of Feishui, Fu Jian’s defeated troops heard the whistling of the wind and the cry of cranes along the way. They thought that the Jin army was chasing them again, so they ran away regardless of day and night.

19. Shi Le, the founding emperor of Later Zhao

42 [Who will win the deer] Deer: The object of hunting is a metaphor for the political power being fought for. The original metaphor is that I don’t know whose hands the political power will fall into. Nowadays, it also generally refers to not knowing who will win the final victory in a competition.

Source: Tang Dynasty Fang Xuanling’s “Jin Shu Shi Le Zai Ji Xia”.

Allusion: Shi Le, the founding emperor of Later Zhao during the Sixteen Kingdoms period, commented on himself: “If I meet Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, I will serve him from the north, and compete with Han Xin and Peng Yue to be the first. If I meet Emperor Guangwu Liu Xiu, let’s gallop together in the Central Plains, and we don’t know who will win.”

20. Emperor Wenxuan of the Northern Qi Dynasty Gao Yang

43 [Quick knife cuts the mess]

Source: “Book of the Northern Qi Dynasty: Chronicles of Emperor Wenxuan”: “Gaozu (Gao Huan) tried to observe the consciousness of the disciples, and each sent his envoys to control the chaos. The emperor (Gao Yang) drew his sword and cut it alone, saying: ‘Those who are in chaos must be killed!'”

21. Yang Jian, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty

44【One strip of water】A body of water as narrow as a strip of clothes. It originally refers to the narrow water surface interval, but later refers to the river, river and other water surfaces that are not enough to restrict people’s traffic and communication. “Shui” originally referred to the Yangtze River.

Source: “Southern History·Chen Ji Xia”: “Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty said to his servant She Gao Xi: ‘I am the parent of the people, how can I not save him with just a piece of water?'”

Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty ordered an expedition against Chen in the winter of 588. Before setting off, he said to Gao Jiong: “I am the parent of the common people in the world. How can I not save the people there because of the obstruction of the Yangtze River, which is as narrow as a belt?” Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty was determined to win, and sent Jin Wang Yang Guang to rescue the people there. As a marshal, he led an army of 500,000 people across the Yangtze River to the south and launched a fierce attack on Jiankang, the capital of the Chen Dynasty. He quickly captured Jiankang, captured the empress of Chen, and destroyed the Chen Dynasty.

22. Li Yuan, Emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty

45 [Selected by Bird Screen] Bird Screen: A door screen with a peacock painted on it. Refers to the election as the son-in-law.

Source: “Old Tang Book: Biography of Emperor Gaozu Queen Dou”

Allusion: Li Yuan was good at riding and shooting, and his wife, Queen Dou, was a noble girl when she was not married, and she was very beautiful. His father, Dou Yi, the general of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, held an archery competition to recruit brides, and required the young men seeking marriage to shoot the peacock on the bird screen as the standard. Li Yuan unexpectedly hit one of the two shots (peacock’s eye) and married Dou. This story was passed down to later generations and became the idiom “selected by the bird screen”.

23. Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty

46 [Little Bird Yiren] Yi: Attachment. Like a bird, it clings to people. Now used to describe the petite and cute appearance of girls.

Source: “The Biography of Changsun Wuji in the Old Book of Tang Dynasty”: “Chu Suiliang was a little more learned and upright in nature. He wrote about loyalty and was very close to me, just like a bird that clings to others and expresses love for them.”

Allusion: One day, Emperor Taizong Li Shimin of the Tang Dynasty commented on the ministers of the court, and finally mentioned Chu Suiliang. Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty said: “Chu Suiliang has made great progress in learning, has a very upright character, is loyal to the court, and has great affection for me. He usually looks like a bird of prey, and I love him very much!”

47 [Fang Mou Du Duan] refers to the famous Prime Minister Fang Xuanling during the reign of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, who was very scheming and Du Ruhui was good at making judgments. The two of them worked together and became a good talker. It is a metaphor for capable people to cooperate.

Source: “Old Book of the Tang Dynasty: Fang Xuanling’s Biography of Du Ruhui”: “It is said that when Taizong tried to discuss matters with Wen Zhao, he said: ‘Nothing can be done except Ruhui.’ When Ruhui was so extreme, he actually followed Ling’s policy. When building a house, one knows that Du is capable of doing great things, and if Du knows that the house is good at building good plans.”

48 [Model of a generation] refers to a model figure of an era.

Source: Later Jin Dynasty Liu Yu’s “Old Tang Book·Li Jing Biography” “I am not directly following Gong Yazhi, I want to use him as a model for the next generation.”

Allusion: Li Jing felt that he had served as an official in the imperial court for many years and had made great contributions, so he should retire bravely. So please retire and go home. Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty agreed to his request and said: “It is commendable that Li Jing can understand the general situation. (@高会民) I am approving your request now not only to fulfill your ambition, but also to regard you as a model figure of the era.

24. Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin

49【Yellow robe plus body】Yellow robe: also called dragon robe, refers to the robes worn by ancient emperors. Refers to the seizure of power after a coup. Also refers to ascension to the throne of God.

Source: “History of the Song Dynasty Taizu Jiyi”.

汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语/

Yellow robe

Allusion: In the seventh year of Xiande of the Later Zhou Dynasty (AD 960), the Northern Han Dynasty colluded with the Khitans to invade the invaders. Zhao Kuangyin sent troops to defend him and sent troops to Chenqiaoyi. Under the planning of Zhao Pu, Shi Shouxin and others, he launched a mutiny, wore yellow robes, and supported Zhao Kuangyin as the emperor. The name of the country is Song. Known as the “Chenqiao Mutiny” in history.

25. Song Taizong Zhao Guangyi

50 [Opening the book is beneficial] Opening the book: opening the book, referring to reading; benefit: benefit, gain. 读书总是好的。

Source: Volume 6 of Wang Pizhi’s “Mianshui Yan Tan Lu·Wenru” in the Song Dynasty: Taizong read three volumes of “Yuxian” on a daily basis. Due to some affairs, he supplemented them in his spare time. He tasted and said: “Opening the volume is helpful, and I don’t think it’s a trouble. .”

汉朝成语有哪些_汉朝成语100个_汉朝成语/

Allusion: Song Taizong often said to people around him: “As long as you open the book, there will always be benefits.” Because he insisted on reading three volumes of “Taiping Yulan” every day, he was very knowledgeable and handled national affairs very well. When the ministers saw that the emperor was so diligent in studying, they also followed suit, so the trend of studying was very strong at that time.